CLAT-2022 CURRENT AFFAIRS (24th SEPTEMBER)

SCO countries complete joint military exercise in Russia | english.lokmat.com

CONTENT 

 

  1. Lok Sabha passes Amendment Bill, 2021 

  2. Prime Minister Modi to chair debate at UN Security Council on August 9 

  3. Why Gilgit-Baltistan matters to India and Pakistan 

  4. JOINT MILITARY TRAINING EXERCISE WITH SHANGHAI COOPERATION ORGANISATION (SCO) 

  5. NHPC’s 510 MW Teesta-V Power Station, Sikkim conferred with ‘Blue Planet Prize’ by International Hydropower Association (IHA) 

 

 

 

Lok Sabha passes Amendment Bill, 2021 

 

 

  • Lok Sabha on August 2, 2021, passed the General Insurance Business (Nationalisation) Amendment Bill, 2021. 

 

  • The Insurance Business Amendment Bill was introduced by the Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman in Lok Sabha on July 30, 2021. 

 

  • The bill seeks to amend the General Insurance Business (Nationalisation) Act, 1972 to provide greater participation in the public sector insurance companies.

 

  • The latest bill, which was passed by the Lower House of Parliament without any discussion, has been protested upon by the opposition and West Bengal Finance Minister Amit Mitra. 

 

  • A letter was also written to the Finance Minister, urging her not to privatize the public sector insurance companies.

 

  • The Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman refuted the charges by the opposition and said that the Central Government was not snatching any rights.

 

(SOURCE: PIB)

 

 

 

Prime Minister Modi to chair debate at UN Security Council on August 9 

 

 

  • It will be the first time an Indian Prime Minister will chair an open debate at the United Nations Security Council. 

 

  • India assumed the presidency of the UN Security Council for August. The country commenced its two-year tenure as a non-permanent member of the Security Council on January 1, 2021. 

 

  • It is also India’s seventh term on the United Nations Security Council as a non-permanent member.

 

  • The country has previously been a member of the UNSC in 1950-51, 1967-68, 1972-73, 1977-78, 1984-85, and 1991-92.

 

  • India’s representative to the UN TS Tirumurti informed that India will be organizing events in three key areas- 

 

  • Peacekeeping 

 

  • Maritime security 

 

  • Counter terrorism 

 

  • The non-permanent members are elected by UN General Assembly for two-year tenure starting on January 1, with 5 replaced each year.

 

(SOURCE: THE PRINT) 

 

 

 

Why Gilgit-Baltistan matters to India and Pakistan

 

 

  • Pakistan’s Law and Justice Ministry has finalised draft legislation to incorporate Gilgit-Baltistan, the region known before 2009 as Northern Areas, as a province of the country.

 

  • Gilgit was part of the princely state of Jammu & Kashmir, but was ruled directly by the British, who had taken it on lease from Hari Singh, the Hindu ruler of the Muslim-majority state. 

 

  • When Hari Singh acceded to India on October 26, 1947, the Gilgit Scouts rose in rebellion, led by their British commander Major William Alexander Brown. 

 

  • The Gilgit Scouts also moved to take over Baltistan, which was then part of Ladakh, and captured Skardu, Kargil and Dras.

 

  • In battles thereafter, Indian forces retook Kargil and Dras in August 1948. 

 

(SOURCE: INDIAN EXPRESS)

 

 

 

JOINT MILITARY TRAINING EXERCISE WITH SHANGHAI COOPERATION ORGANISATION (SCO)

 

 

  • The 6th Edition of Exercise PEACEFUL MISSION: 2021 of SCO Member States hosted by Russia at the Orenburg Region of South West Russia culminated on 24 September 2021. 

 

  • The twelve days long joint training involving Armed Forces of all Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) member states was organised with an aim to foster close relations between SCO member states and to enhance abilities of the military leaders to command multinational military contingents.

 

  • In this joint multinational exercise which began on 14th September 2021, SCO member nations conducted joint training focusing on combating terrorism.

 

  • All military contingents took part in the final joint exercise where-in multinational forces exhibited their tactical prowess, combat power and overwhelming dominance over terrorist groups. 

 

  • The validation phase of the Exercise was witnessed by all Chiefs’ of the General Staff of the SCO member states.

 

  • Gen Bipin Rawat, Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) who is currently on a visit to Russia witnessed the validation exercise on 23 September 2021 and expressed great satisfaction on the high standards of synergy and close ties achieved among member states during the exercise.

 

(SOURCE: PIB)

 

 

 

NHPC’s 510 MW Teesta-V Power Station, Sikkim conferred with ‘Blue Planet Prize’ by International Hydropower Association (IHA)

 

 

  • NHPC’s 510 MW Teesta-V Power Station located in the Himalayan State of Sikkim has been conferred with the prestigious Blue Planet Prize by International Hydropower Association (IHA). 

 

  • The International Hydropower Association (IHA) is a London based non-profit membership association operating in 120 countries. 

 

  • The power station has been built, owned and being operated by NHPC.

 

  • The award for Teesta-V Power Station was announced yesterday during the World Hydropower Congress, 2021. 

 

  • The award had been conferred to Teesta-V Power Station based on its sustainability assessment undertaken by a team of accredited lead assessors of IHA in 2019 using the Operation Stage tool of the Hydropower Sustainability Assessment Protocol (HSAP) of IHA. 

 

  • The IHA membership includes leading hydropower owners and operators, developers, designers, suppliers and consultants. 

 

  • The IHA Blue Planet Prize is awarded to hydropower projects that demonstrate excellence in sustainable development.

 

  • The Hydropower Sustainability Assessment Protocol (HSAP) is the leading international tool for measuring the sustainability of hydropower projects. 

 

  • It offers a way to benchmark the performance of a hydropower project against a comprehensive range of environmental, social, technical and governance criteria. 

 

(SOURCE: PIB)

 

 

CLAT-2022 CURRENT AFFAIRS (23rd SEPTEMBER)

Anand Yadav (@AnandJacker1) | Twitter

 

 

CONTENT

 

  1. INDIAN ARMY TO ORGANISE CULTURAL FEST

  2. 118 MAIN BATTLE TANKS ARJUN MK – 1A FOR INDIAN ARMY

  3. SUPREME COURT REJECTS CENTRE’s PLEA TO ALLOW WOMEN IN NDA EXAM FROM 2022

  4. PFRDA TO OBSERVE NPS DIWAS ON OCTOBER 1

  5. TALIBAN ASK TO SPEAK AT UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY IN NEW YORK

 

 

 

INDIAN ARMY TO ORGANISE CULTURAL FEST

 

 

  • The Indian Army will organise a festival from September 26-29 at Kolkata to showcase the cultural linkage between India and Bangladesh during the liberation war of 1971. 

 

  • The festival named ‘Bijoya Sanskritik Mahotsav’ is being organised by the Eastern Command of the Indian Army. 

 

  • Highlights of the event during the program include a Fusion band display of Army Pipe, Brass and Jazz Band, performances by renowned Bengali playback singers and a play on 1971 Indo-Pak war by RSR Group. 

 

  • A display of vintage vehicles and equipment of Eastern Command and guided tours of Fort William Military Station has also been scheduled.

 

  • The events will be organised at the Rabindra Sadan and Nandan Convention Centre, Kolkata. 

 

  • The festival will showcase the tales of valour of Indian army and liberation war fighters of Bangladesh ‘Muktijodhas’ in the historical battles during the 1971 war of liberation. 

 

  • The event is being organised as part of the Swarnim Vijay Varsha celebrations to commemorate the 50 years of liberation of Bangladesh and India’s victory over Pakistan in the 1971 Indo-Pakistan war.

 

  • Lt. Gen. Manoj Pande, Army Commander, Eastern Command will inaugurate the event at Rabindra Sadan on 26 September. 

 

(SOURCE: NEWSONAIR)

 

 

 

118 MAIN BATTLE TANKS ARJUN MK – 1A FOR INDIAN ARMY

 

 

 

  • Ministry of Defence (MoD) placed an order with Heavy Vehicles Factory (HVF), Avadi, Chennai for supply of 118 Main Battle Tanks (MBTs) Arjun Mk-1A for the Indian Army on September 23, 2021.

 

  • The order, worth Rs 7,523 crore, will provide further boost to the ‘Make in India’ initiative in defence sector and is a big step towards achieving ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat’. 

 

  • The state–of-the-art MBT Mk-1A is a new variant of Arjun Tank designed to enhance fire power, mobility and survivability.

 

  • It has been designed and developed by Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) by incorporating numerous upgrades on Arjun MBT, the in-service main battle tank with the Indian Army.

 

  • The MK-1A is equipped with accurate & superior firepower, and all-terrain mobility. This tank is particularly configured and designed for Indian conditions.

 

  • This production order to HVF, Avadi opens up a large avenue in defence manufacturing for over 200 Indian vendors including MSMEs, with employment opportunities to around 8,000 people.

 

  • The MBT Arjun Mk-1A has been designed & developed by Combat Vehicles Research and Development Establishment (CVRDE), along with other laboratories of DRDO within two years (2010-12). 

 

(SOURCE: PIB)

 

 

 

 

SUPREME COURT REJECTS CENTRE’s PLEA TO ALLOW WOMEN IN NDA EXAM FROM 2022

 

 

 

  • The Supreme Court on Wednesday refused to accede to the government’s request to allow women candidates to sit for the National Defence Academy entrance exam only in May 2022. 

 

  • Entrance exams to the NDA are held twice a year. In an affidavit filed in the court, the Defence Ministry had asked for time until May 2022 to issue the notification allowing women to sit for the NDA exams.

 

  • So that the Academy — which until now enrolled only men — would have enough time to make changes, including in infrastructure and curriculum, to accommodate the women cadets.

 

  • A two-judge bench headed by Justice S K Kaul did not accede to the government’s request for more time, stating that the court had, in its interim order in August, allowed women candidate to take this year’s exams in November and did not want to belie their hopes.

 

  • The court was hearing a plea by Advocate Kush Kalra seeking its intervention to allow eligible women candidates to appear for the NDA exam.

 

  • Initially, the government had termed the decision to restrict NDA to only male candidates as a matter of policy, but the court refused to accept this and said the policy “is based on gender discrimination”. 

 

  • Appearing for the petitioner, Senior Advocate Chinmoy Pradip said allowing women to take the May 2022 exams would mean they will be admitted only by 2023.

 

(SOURCE: INDIAN EXPRESS)

 

 

 

PFRDA TO OBSERVE NPS DIWAS ON OCTOBER 1

 

 

  • The Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) have kickstarted a campaign under ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’. 

 

  • The Pension Regulator will be observing 1st October 2021 as the National Pension System Diwas (NPS Diwas) to promote pension and retirement planning for a carefree ‘azad’ retirement.
About PFRDA: 
  • Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority is the regulatory body under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Finance, Government of India for overall supervision and regulation of pension in India.

 

  • The Pension Fund Regulatory & Development Authority Act was passed on 19 September 2013 and the same was notified on 1 February 2014. 

 

  • PFRDA is regulating NPS, subscribed by employees of Govt. of India, State Governments and by employees of private institutions/organizations & unorganized sectors.

 

  • The PFRDA is ensuring the orderly growth and development of the pension market.

 

(SOURCE: PIB)

 

TALIBAN ASK TO SPEAK AT UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY IN NEW YORK

 

 

 

  • The Taliban have asked to address world leaders at the United Nations General Assembly this week in New York City. 

 

  • The Taliban also nominated their Doha-based spokesperson, Suhail Shaheen, as Afghanistan’s UN ambassador.

 

  • The group, which seized control of Afghanistan last month, said the envoy for the ousted government no longer represented the country.

 

  • The request to participate in the high-level debate is being considered by a credentials committee, whose nine members include the US, China and Russia. 

 

  • Under UN rules, Ghulam Isaczai will remain Afghanistan’s ambassador to the global body.

 

  • No government has formally recognised the Taliban as Afghanistan’s new government and for the UN to agree to its nominee for ambassador would be an important step towards international acceptance.

 

  • When the Taliban last controlled Afghanistan, between 1996 and 2001, the ambassador of the government they overthrew stayed on as a UN representative.
  • At the UN meeting on Tuesday, Qatar urged world leaders to stay engaged with the Taliban.

 

  • Qatar has become a key broker in Afghanistan. It hosted talks between the Taliban and US which culminated in a 2020 agreement to withdraw US-led Nato forces. 

 

(SOURCE: BBC)

CG 

ARJUN MK 1A 

 

 

CLAT-2022 CURRENT AFFAIRS (22ND SEPTEMBER)

CONTENTS

 

  1. INDIA WARNS UK OF RECIPROCAL STEPS OVER QUARANTINE RULES

  2. NO LINK BETWEEN AUKUS AND QUAD

  3. MISSION DEPLOYED – INS TABAR

  4. WHY HAS SAARC FOREIGN MINISTERS MEETING BEEN CALLED OFF?

  5. WORLD RHINO DAY: ASSAM BURNS RHINO HORNS TO BUST MYTH

 

INDIA WARNS UK OF RECIPROCAL STEPS OVER QUARANTINE RULES

 

  • India may take “reciprocal measures” if the UK doesn’t change a policy that requires visiting Indian nationals to undergo mandatory quarantine. 

 

  • The rules require Indians visiting the UK to quarantine themselves for 10 days and undergo covid-19 tests even if they are fully vaccinated with Covishield. 

 

  • Covishield is produced under licence by Serum Institute of India (SII), the world’s largest vaccine maker, and is a version of the vaccine developed in the UK by Oxford University and AstraZeneca. 

 

  • Britain and Scotland are expected to ease pandemic restrictions from early October. However, the list of countries with approved vaccines does not include India. 

 

  • Meanwhile, foreign minister S. Jaishankar on Tuesday discussed the matter with his British counterpart Liz Truss on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly in New York. 

 

 

(SOURCE: LIVEMINT) 

 

 

 

 

NO LINK BETWEEN AUKUS AND QUAD

 

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi will meet U.S. President Joe Biden and attend the Quadrilateral (Quad) summit along with Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison and Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga. 

 

  • The Quad meeting would deal with issues such as the pandemic, new and emerging technologies, climate change, infrastructure, maritime security, education, humanitarian assistance and disaster relief.

 

  • Mr. Modi is expected to begin his visit to the U.S. on September 24, and will hold talks with Kamala Harris, the first U.S. Vice-President of Indian origin. 
  • On September 25, Mr. Modi will meet Mr. Biden and both leaders will attend the Quad summit subsequently.

 

  • They will discuss the need to see an end to radicalism, extremism, cross border terrorism and the dismantling of global terrorist networks. 

 

‘Different visions’. 

 

  • “There is no link between AUKUS and Quad. AUKUS is a security alliance; Quad is a different group of countries working on a different vision of the Indo Pacific. 

 

  • The Malabar exercises [maritime exercises involving Australia, India, Japan and the U.S.] are those that are done between different nations and has nothing to do with Quad.

 

  • India had noted Australia’s clarification that the AUKUS partnership only dealt with nuclear power technology, and hence, was not a case of “nuclear proliferation”. 

 

(SOURCE: THE HINDU) 

 

 

 

MISSION DEPLOYED – INS TABAR

  • Towards enhancing military cooperation with friendly nations, Indian Naval Ship INS Tabar was mission-deployed in international waters for over three months from 13 June 21.

 

  • During the deployment, she made 11 port calls in nine countries of Europe and Africa, traversing nearly 20,000 nautical miles. 

 

  • The ship undertook twelve maritime partnership exercises with foreign navies at sea. 

 

  • These also included prominent bilateral exercises such as Exercise Konkan 21 with the Royal Navy and Exercise Indra-Navy 21 with the Russian Navy. 

 

  • A few of these exercises were maiden engagements, such as that with the Royal Norwegian Navy, the Algerian Navy and the Sudanese Navy.

 

  • INS Tabar also participated in the 325th anniversary celebrations of the Russian Navy at St. Petersburg in Russia. 

 

  • Post successful completion of this Operational Deployment, the INS Tabar is now deployed for patrol in the Gulf of Aden and the Persian Gulf. 

 

  • Commanded by Captain Mahesh Mangipudi, INS Tabar is a stealth frigate and has a crew of 300 personnel. 

 

  • Belonging to the Western Fleet, she had participated earlier in counter-piracy operations in the Gulf of Aden. 

 

(SOURCE: PIB) 

 

 

 

WHY HAS SAARC FOREIGN MINISTERS MEETING BEEN CALLED OFF?

 

 

  • SAARC Foreign Ministers meeting that was scheduled to be held in New York on September 25, 2021 has been cancelled after Pakistan demanded the participation of the Taliban regime.

 

  • SAARC Chair Nepal sent a letter to SAARC member countries, officially informing them that the meeting stands cancelled.

 

  • If the meeting was held, Ghulam M. Isaczai, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Afghanistan to the United Nations could have attended it but Pakistan refused to allow it.

 

  • It is reported that majority of SAARC members had agreed to keep an empty chair for Afghanistan during the meeting but Pakistan did not agree.

 

  • Pakistan demanded the participation of a Taliban representative, which was shot down by the remaining SAARC member countries including India and chair Nepal. 

 

  • The Taliban regime has not yet been recognised by governments across the world. In fact, many of the top Taliban cabinet ministers are blacklisted by the United Nations. 
About SAARC:

 

  • The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is a regional intergovernmental organization that comprises eight South Asian countries as its member states including:

India, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Afghanistan. 

  • SAARC was founded in December 1985 in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The grouping aims to promote development of economic and regional integration.

 

  • Afghanistan is SAARC’s youngest member, as it joined the grouping in 2007. The SAARC Secretariat is located in Kathmandu, Nepal. 

 

  • With the recent developments in the region, questions have been raised on the functionality of SAARC and India’s engagement in the grouping given Pakistan’s continuous support to terrorism.

 

(SOURCE: JAGRAN JOSH) 

 

 

 

WORLD RHINO DAY: ASSAM BURNS RHINO HORNS TO BUST MYTH

 

 

  • Nearly 2,500 rhino horns were burnt and destroyed in Assam’s Bokakhat.

 

  • To mark World Rhino Day and discourage the myths that has propelled poaching of the endangered pachyderms.

 

  • About 2,479 horns weighing around 1300 kg, which had been seized or recovered from dead rhinos since 1979, were burnt in six large pyres at a stadium in Bokakhat, 240 km east of Guwahati. 

 

  • The chief minister said it was necessary not to sell the horns and add value to the illegal poaching industry. He added that this may be the largest such pile to be destroyed.

 

  • At 71%, Assam is home to the world’s largest population of one-horned rhinoceros. 

 

  • According to a 2018 census, there are nearly 2,650 rhinos in the state with around 2,400 of them in the Kaziranga National Park. 

 

  • Rhinoceros are listed in Schedule 1 of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, as endangered animals. 

 

  • There is an international ban on trade of rhino horns under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES). 

 

  • The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 allows for destruction of wildlife parts (including rhino horn) under Section 39 (3). 

 

  • 50 horns associated with pending court cases will be kept in state treasuries and 94 others will be preserved for exhibition or educational purposes.

 

  •  Before destroying them, experts verified the horns using scientific methods at the 12 treasuries where they were kept.

 

  • Each horn was cleaned, weighed, photographed, and labeled with a unique barcode, DNA samples extracted, and packed and sealed again in the presence of several witnesses.

 

  • Of the total 2,623 horns in state treasuries, 15 were of African rhinos (which have two horns) and 21 were found to be fake.

 

  • In recent years, the state government has taken measures to clamp down on poaching, including arming forest personnel with sophisticated weapons and increasing surveillance using drones. 

 

(SOURCE: HINDUSTAN TIMES) 

 

 

 

CLAT-2022 CURRENT AFFAIRS (21ST SEPTEMBER)

Coronavirus: Lord Jagannath Won't Forgive Us Allowing Rath Yatra, Says Supreme Court

 

 

CONTENTS

 

 

  1. OIL organizes study visit for school students to a Sucker Rod Pump 
  2. India now has 10 Blue Flag beaches 
  3. Nagaland: India’s 61st software technology park opened in Kohima 
  4. Punjab gets its first Dalit Chief Minister Charanjit Singh Channi 
  5. Karnataka passes law to protect religious structures 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OIL ORGANIZES STUDY VISIT FOR SCHOOL STUDENTS TO A SUCKER ROD PUMP

 

  • Oil India Limited (OIL), India’s second largest National Exploration & Production Company, organised a study visit for school students.

 

  • It was for a Sucker Rod Pump in one of its installation at Duliajan on 21st September 2021 as a part of celebration under Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav

 

  • Production Engineers from Oil India Limited explained the students about the functions of a rod pump. 

 

  • The engineers explained the students about the artificial lift technique in a well that provides mechanical energy to lift oil from bottom-hole to surface.

 

  • The students were explained how efficient, simple, and easy the technique is for field people to operate, and can be used to pump a well at very low bottom-hole pressure to maximize oil production rates. 

 

  • Around 25 students from nearby school visited the site today and were happy to learn about the rod pump and its function in hydrocarbon production process. 
(SOURCE: PIB)

 

 

 

INDIA NOW HAS 10 BLUE FLAG BEACHES

 

  • The coveted International eco-label “Blue Flag”, has accorded the Blue Flag Certification for 2 new beaches in India this year –Kovalam in Tamil Nadu and Eden in Puducherry beaches. 

 

  • Foundation for Environment Education in Denmark (FEE) which accords the globally recognized eco-label – Blue Flag certification, has also given re-certification for 8 nominated beaches.

 

These Beaches are:
  1. Shivrajpur-Gujarat,
  2. Ghoghla-Diu, 
  3. Kasarkod and Padubidri-Karnataka,
  4. Kappad-Kerala,
  5. Rushikonda- Andhra Pradesh,
  6. Golden-Odisha and Radhanagar- Andaman and Nicobar, 

 

  • To conduct regular monitoring & audits for strict compliance of the 33 criteria at all times. A waving “Blue Flag” is an indication of 100% compliance to these 33 stringent criteria and sound health of the beach.

 

  • The objective of BEAMS program is to abate pollution in coastal waters, promote sustainable development of beach facilities, protect & conserve coastal ecosystems & natural resources.

 

  • In the last 3 years or so, our Ministry has achieved commendable results in environmental management of these 10 beaches and some of them are enumerated below:

 

  • Sand dune restoration and nourishment of 95,000 Sqm (approx.) with native plantation.

 

  • Reduction in marine litter by 85 % and 78% in marine plastic in last 3 years.

 

  • Saving of 1100 ML/year of municipal water through recycling.

 

  • 3 years’ database on regular testing of bathing water quality (physical, chemical and biological contamination) and health risk monitoring.

 

  • The Ministry is further committed to develop and deliver 100 more beaches under its ICZM initiative in the ensuing 5 years of Ministry’s vision agenda.

 

(SOURCE: NEWSONAIR)

 

 

 

 

NAGALAND: INDIA’s 61st SOFTWARE TECHNOLOGY PARK OPENED IN KOHIMA

 

  • Nagaland’s first and India’s 61st Software Technology Park of India (STPI) centre was opened on September 17, 2021, in Kohima. 

 

  • The Center was inaugurated by the Union Minister of State for Skill Development & Entrepreneurship, Electronics and IT Rajeev Chandrashekhar.

 

  • The Software Technology Park in Nagaland will host as a Centre of Entrepreneurship in IT Applications in Graphic Design. 

 

  • Here the students, start-ups, and innovators will be able to utilize the facility for the research and development of new innovative solutions.

 

  • The Software Technology Park of India (STPI) in Nagaland will help in promoting the region as one of the preferred IT destinations.

 

  • The Center aims at attracting IT/ITES/ESDM units to the State, promote the export of IT Software and Services from the region thus contributing to the Gross National Exports. 

 

  • Nagaland Government has decided to create 5,000 jobs for the IT and Information Technology-enabled services (ITES) in the next 2 years.

 

(SOURCE: JAGRAN JOSH)

 

 

 

PUNJAB GETS ITS FIRST DALIT CHIEF MINISTER CHARANJIT SINGH CHANNI

 

  • Congress leader and former Technical Education Minister Charanjit Singh Channi on Monday took oath as the new Chief Minister of Punjab. 

 

  • Two Deputy Chief Ministers — O.P. Soni and Sukhjinder Randhawa — also took the oath of office.

 

  • Mr. Channi is the first Dalit to head the government in the State.

 

  • Channi succeeded Captain Amarinder Singh, who resigned as the chief minister of Punjab on Saturday following months of infighting between him and (PPCC) chief Navjot Singh Sidhu. 

 

  • Channi is a three-time MLA and the first Dalit chief minister of Punjab. 

 

  • He has also been the former leader of opposition in the Punjab assembly. He represents the Chamkaur Sahib constituency. 

 

(SOURCE: THE HINDU)

 

 

 

KARNATAKA PASSES LAW TO PROTECT RELIGIOUS STRUCTURES

 

  • The Karnataka Religious Structure (Protection) Bill 2021 was introduced by the Karnataka Chief Minister Basavaraj Bommai on September 20, 2021. 

 

  • The Bill aims at protecting illegal religious structures in the state after his government faced a backlash over the demolition of a temple in the Nanjangud district of Mysuru. 

 

ABOUT:

 

  • The Karnataka Religious Structure (Protection) Bill 2021 aims to empower the government to protect religious structures in public places that were constructed before the commencement of this Act. 

 

  • The Bill offers protection to all religious structures that include temples, mosques, churches, gurudwaras, and other major religious constructions in public places that have been constructed since 2009 without requisite sanction from competent authorities.

 

  • The Bill further here on now restricts unauthorized religious structures and constructions of illegal shrines in public places in the future.

 

  • The Bill also protects the government and its officials from any legal suits or court proceedings for implementing the Act. 

 

  • The Bill bypasses all existing laws, decrees, judgments, or orders of any court, tribunal, or authority to protect religious structures that exist on the day the Bill commences. 

 

Supreme Court 2009 judgment:
  • The Supreme Court judgment dated September 29, 2009, on illegal religious constructions, had directed all states to demolish illegal religious structures stating that no unauthorized construction in the name of gods or religion can be allowed on streets, parks, or any public places.

 

  • However, the demolition of the Nanjangud temple on September 10, forced the Karnataka government to introduce a law to protect all religious structures.

 

(SOURCE: INDIAN EXPRESS)

 

 

CLAT 2022 CURRENT AFFAIRS (20TH SEPTEMBER)

PMO India on Twitter: "Nagaland Governor Shri RN Ravi called on PM @narendramodi.… "

 

CONTENTS  

 

 

1. R.N. Ravi sworn in Governor

2. Aukus: UK, US and Australia launch pact to counter China

3. BRO Remains Committed to women’s empowerment in its ranks

4. After Afghanistan pull-out, U.S. seeks NATO basing, Intel pacts

5. Ministry of Commerce & Industry to celebrate ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’ from 20th to 26th September

 

R.N. RAVI SWORN IN GOVERNOR

 

  • Ravindra Narayan Ravi was on Saturday sworn-in as the Governor of Tamil Nadu, succeeding Banwarilal Purohit who has since been shifted to Punjab.

 

  • Ravi, shifted from Nagaland, said he saw his new role more as an opportunity than a challenge.

 

  • Chief Justice of the Madras High Court, Sanjib Banerjee administered the oath of office to Ravi at an official ceremony held at the Raj Bhavan here.

 

  • Chief Minister M K Stalin, his cabinet colleagues, Leader of Opposition K Palaniswami and others participated at the swearing-in.

 

  • He is the 26th Governor of the state. 

 

  •  President Ram Nath Kovind had last week appointed Ravi, a former IPS officer, as the governor of the state.

 

  • He was appointed as the Centre’s Interlocutor for the Naga peace talks on August 29, 2014, a responsibility he continues to discharge.

 

(SOURCE: THE PRINT)

 

 

 

AUKUS: UK, US AND AUSTRALIA LAUNCH PACT TO COUNTER CHINA

 

  • The UK, US and Australia have announced a historic security pact in the Asia-Pacific, in what’s seen as an effort to counter China.

 

  • It will let Australia build nuclear-powered submarines for the first time, using technology provided by the US.

 

  • The Aukus pact, which will also cover AI and other technologies, is one of the countries’ biggest defence partnerships in decades, analysts say.

 

  •  The pact also created a row with France, which has now lost a deal with Australia to build 12 submarines.

 

  • The US is sharing its submarine technology for the first time in 50 years. It had previously only shared technology with the UK.

 

  • Australia will become just the seventh nation in the world to operate nuclear-powered submarines, after the US, UK, France, China, India and Russia. 

 

  • New Zealand, although a Five Eyes member, has been more cautious in aligning with either the US or China in the Pacific.

 

(SOURCE: BBC)

 

 

 

BRO REMAINS COMMITTED TO WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT IN ITS RANKS 

 

  • Border Roads Organisation (BRO) has inducted a large number of women into its workforce, right from officers to the level of commercial pilot license holders. 

 

  • A GREF officer EE (Civ) Ms Vaishali S Hiwase took over the reins of 83 Road Construction Company on April 28, 2021. 

 

  • Employed on an important Indo-China road connecting Munisairi-Bughdiar-Milam, in an area full of adversity and challenges.

 

  • The BRO created history again on 30 Aug 2021 when Major Aaina of Project Shivalik took charged as Officer Commanding, 75 RCC at Pipalkoti in Chamoli district in Uttarakhand. 

 

  • She is the first Indian Army Engineer Officer to command a road construction company.

 

  • All three platoon commanders under her, Captain Anjana, AEE (Civ) Ms Bhawana Joshi and AEE (Civ) Ms Vishnumaya K are lady officers and they have together created a first ever women RCC. 

 

  • The Border Roads plans to make four such all women-led RCCs, two each in North Eastern and Western Sectors. 

 

 (SOURCE: PIB)

 

 

 

 

AFTER AFGHANISTAN PULL-OUT, U.S SEEKS NATO BASING, INTEL PACTS 

 

  • Against the backdrop of the troop withdrawal from Afghanistan, the top U.S. military officer is meeting in Greece with NATO counterparts.

 

  • Hoping to forge more basing, intelligence sharing and other agreements to prevent terrorist groups from regrouping and threatening America and the region.

 

  • The U.S. military has said it can conduct counter terrorism surveillance and, if necessary, strikes in Afghanistan from “over the horizon” — meaning from assets based in other countries.

 

  • Gen. Mark Milley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said the meeting of NATO defence chiefs will focus in part on the way ahead.

 

  • Gen. Milley, U.S. Defence Secretary Lloyd Austin and American intelligence officials have warned that al-Qaeda or the Islamic State group could regenerate in Afghanistan and pose a threat to the United States in one year to two years.

 

  • They have made it clear that surveillance flights from bases in the Gulf are long and provide limited time in the air over Afghanistan.

 

  • So they have talked about seeking basing agreements, overflight rights and increased intelligence-sharing with nations closer to Afghanistan, including some neighbors.

 

(SOURCE: THE HINDU)

 

 

 

MINISTRY OF COMMERCE & INDUSTRY TO CELEBRATE ‘AZADI KA AMRIT MAHOTSAV” FROM 20th TO 26th SEPTEMBER 

 

  • The Prime Minister inaugurated the curtain raiser activities of the ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’ in Ahmedabad on March 12, 2021, it will continue till 15 August, 2023. 

 

  • To celebrate and commemorate 75 years of progressive India and its glorious history, the Ministry of Commerce & Industry is organizing special events and programmes as part of the ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’ celebrations.

 

  • The Department of Commerce will observe the ‘Vanijya Saptah’ (Trade & Commerce Week) during the period of 20-26 September, 2021. 

 

  • A slew of programmes and events are being organized across the country highlighting Aatmanirbhar Bharat, Showcasing India as a Rising Economic Force and Green & Swachh SEZs. 

 

  • Besides handholding sessions focusing on ‘From Farm to Foreign Lands’ and exporter conclaves, ‘Vanijya Utsav’, covering all 739 districts of the country.

 

  • Five National Seminars/Exhibitions will be organized by the Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT) in five regions of the country. 

 

THEY ARE: 

 

  • – North, South, East, West and North-East (venues details required) on the theme “Azadi and Export Promotion/Import Substitution – आत्मनिर्भरता की ओर”. 

 

  • During these events, the on boarding of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) on Government e-Marketplace (GeM) and in EPCs will also be completed.

 

 

(SOURCE: PIB)

CLAT 2022 CURRENT AFFAIRS (19TH SEPTEMBER)

CONTENTS

 

SC ALLOWS WOMEN TO TAKE NDA EXAM
COLLEGIUM RECOMMENDS EIGHT JUDGES FOR SUPREME COURT
4th RASHTRIYA POSHAN MAAH, 2021
UNION MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE AND FARMERS WELFARE VIRTUALLY ATTENDS THE MEETING OF G-20 AGRICULTURE MINISTERS
PRIME MINISTER VIRTUALLY PARTICIPATES IN 21st MEETING OF THE COUNCIL OF HEADS OF STATE OF THE SHANGHAI COOPERATION ORGANISATION

 

 

 

SC allows women to take NDA exam 

 

  • The Supreme Court issued an interim order allowing women candidates to take the National Defence Academy (NDA) examination, scheduled to be held on September 5.

 

  • “The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is directed to take out the necessary corrigendum in view of the interim orders.

 

  • The court snubbed the Union of India’s affidavit “broadly” suggesting that Sainik schools have “started the process of admitting schools and it will be further expanded”.

 

  • “As far as Rashtriya Indian Military College (RIMC) is concerned, it is stated that it is a 99-year-old institution, which will complete 100 years next year.

 

  • The question is whether it completes its 100 years with gender neutrality or not!” the Bench said in its order.

 

  • NDA and IMA are modes of direct entry through the UPSC. Whereas through OTA, women are commissioned along with men, both through UPSC and non-UPSC mode of entry.

 

  • They are granted Short Service Commission, both men and women, and subsequently are considered for grant of Permanent Commission,”

 

  • The hearing was based on a petition filed by Kush Kalra. The court listed the case for September 8. 

 

 

 

Collegium Recommends Eight Judges for Supreme Court 

 

  • The Supreme Court Collegium, led by Chief Justice of India (CJI) N.V. Ramana, has recommended to the government nine names for appointment as judges in the court.

 

  • Karnataka High Court judge B.V. Nagarathna, may become India’s first woman CJI a few years from now.

 

  • Eight judges and one lawyer from the Supreme Court Bar have been recommended.

 

They are: 

 

  • Karnataka High Court Chief Justice A.S. Oka, the most senior Chief Justice;
  • Gujarat Chief Justice Vikram Nath;
  • Sikkim Chief Justice J.K. Maheshwari;
  • Telangana Chief Justice Hima Kohli, the only serving woman Chief Justice;
  • Justice B.V. Nagarathna;
  • Kerala High Court judge C.T. Ravikumar;
  • Madras High Court judge M.M. Sundresh;
  • Gujarat High Court judge Bela M. Trivedi;
  • Senior advocate P.S. Narasimha.

 

  • The Supreme Court Collegium has also recommended six judicial officers and a judicial member of the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal for appointment as judges of the Telangana High Court.

 

  • The judicial officers recommended are P. Sree Sudha, C. Sumalatha, G. Radha Rani, M. Laxman, N. Tukaramji and A. Venkateshwara Reddy.

 

  • The ITAT judicial member is P. Madhavi Devi.

 

 

 

 

4th Rashtriya Poshan Maah, 2021 

 

  • As part of Poshan Maah, Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM) under the Ministry of Rural Development has initiated implementation of interventions related to Food, Nutrition, Health, and WASH (FNHW)

 

  • Ministry is also partnering with the Ministry of Women & Child Development under POSHAN Abhiyaan.

 

  • For this year’s Rashtriya POSHAN Maah, four themes, one for each week has been identified.

 

These are:

 

  • Plantation activity as ‘POSHAN Vatika’,
  • Yoga and AYUSH for nutrition,
  • Distribution of ‘Regional Nutrition Kit’ to Anganwadi beneficiaries of high burdened districts and,
  • Identification of SAM children and distribution of nutritious food.

 

  • A video conference with all the SRLMs was conducted on September 4, 2021, under the chairpersonship of Joint Secretary, MoRD, to discuss the plan and preparations for the POSHAN Maah.

 

  • Prime Minister interacted with the SHG members last month and advised them to spend 75 hours to commemorate the 75th anniversary of Independence, on awareness generation on social development issues including health, nutrition and WASH.

 

 

 

 

Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare virtually attends the meeting of G-20 Agriculture Ministers 

 

  • Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Shri Narendra Singh Tomar participated in the G-20 Agriculture Ministerial meeting organized by Italy, the country which holds the Presidency of G20.

 

  • The agricultural research has played an important role in tackling the problem of food security, improving the income of farmers and agriculturists and sustainable use of natural resources.

 

  • Research contributes significantly to the three aspects of food security – availability, access and affordability. 

 

  • Agriculture Minister explained that by the year 2030-31, India’s population is likely to exceed 150 crores, for which the demand for food grains is then estimated to be around 350 million tonnes.

 

  • Agriculture is contributing to the three biggest challenges of the 21st century – achieving food security, adapting to climate change and mitigating climate change. 

 

  • Important resources like water, energy and land are depleting rapidly. ICAR is developing bio-fortified varieties to meet the nutritional requirement of the people.

 

  • National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture has been launched which promotes integrated farming systems approach in agriculture.

 

  • Apart from Shri Tomar, the Indian delegation included Dr. Abhilaksh Likhi, Additional Secretary, Union Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Joint Secretary Ms. Alaknanda Dayal, Dr B Rajender and senior Indian Embassy officials.

 

 

 

Meeting of the Council of Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation

 

 

  • Prime Minister participated virtually in the 21st Meeting of the Council of Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO). 

 

  • And through video-message in the Joint SCO-CSTO Outreach Session on Afghanistan.

 

  • The 21st meeting of the SCO Council of Heads of State was held on 17 September 2021 in Dushanbe in hybrid format. 

 

  • The meeting was chaired by H.E. Emomali Rahmon, the President of Tajikistan. 

 

  • Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi addressed the Summit via video-link.  At Dushanbe, India was represented by External Affairs Minister, Dr. S. Jaishankar. 

 

  • In his address, Prime Minister highlighted the problems caused by growing radicalisation and extremism in the broader SCO region.

 

  • He noted that recent developments in Afghanistan could further exacerbate this trend towards extremism.

 

  • He also spoke about India’s experience of using digital technologies in its development programmes, and offered to share these open-source solutions with other SCO members.

 

  • Prime Minister stressed that connectivity projects should be transparent, participatory and consultative, in order to promote mutual trust.

 

  • The SCO Summit was followed by an Outreach session on Afghanistan between SCO and the Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO). 

 

  • Prime Minister suggested that SCO could develop a code of conduct on ‘zero tolerance’ towards terrorism in the region, and highlighted the risks of drugs, arms and human trafficking from Afghanistan.

 

  • Noting the humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan, he reiterated India’s solidarity with the Afghan people.

 

 

CLAT 2022 CURRENT AFFAIRS (18TH SEPTEMBER)

18TH SEPTEMBER


Contents


21ST SCO SUMMIT IN TAJIKISTAN’S DUSHANBE

RAIL KAUSHAL VIKAS YOJANA LAUNCHED

INDIA-NEPAL JOINT MILITARY EXERCISE ‘SURYA KIRAN’

SHEFALI JUNEJA: 1ST WOMAN CHAIRPERSON OF ICAO

KUSHINAGAR AIRPORT AS CUSTOM NOTIFIED AIRPORT

INTERNATIONAL RED PANDA DAY: SEPTEMBER 18TH

WORLD BAMBOO DAY OBSERVED ON 18TH SEPTEMBER

 

21ST SCO SUMMIT IN TAJIKISTAN’S DUSHANBE


 

  • Prime Minister Modi led the Indian delegation and virtually addressed the plenary session of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) summit in Tajikistan’s capital Dushanbe.

 

  • This was the first SCO meet which took place in a hybrid format and the fourth summit in which India participated as a full-fledged member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO).

 

  • The 21st SCO summit also assumed significance as the organization is celebrating its 20th anniversary in 2021.

 

  • As India will be represented by EAM S. Jaishankar, the world leaders at the meeting are expected to deliberate on the Afghan crisis, its internal-external implications, and the issues pertaining to regional security.

 

  • The summit will be chaired by the President of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon. It will also see the leaders of the SCO member states, SCO Secretary-General, observer states, executive director of SCO regional anti-terrorist structure, President of Turkmenistan among others.

 

  • During the meet, Jaishankar is also expected to attend a meeting on Afghanistan with the Head of the States of SCO and the Collective Security Treaty Organisation.

 

  • Foreign Minister of Russia, Foreign Minister of Iran, Prime Minister, as well as Foreign Minister of Pakistan, are some of the leaders who will be attending the meeting.

 

(SOURCE: JAGRAN JOSH)

 

RAIL KAUSHAL VIKAS YOJANA LAUNCHED


 

  • Railways Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw launched Rail Kaushal Vikas Yojana, a programme under the aegis of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana.

 

  • Under Rail Kaushal Vikas Yojana, entry-level training will be provided to the youth in industry-relevant skills through Railway Training Institutes as part of 75 years of independence ‘Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav’.

 

  • Under Rail Kaushal Vikas Yojana, training will be provided to 50,000 candidates over a period of three years.

 

  • The main aim of the Rail Kaushal Vikas Yojana will be to impart training skills to the youth in various trades to bring qualitative improvement.

 

  • This will provide a major boost to the Skill India Mission. It will not only improve the employability of the youth of the country but also upgrade the skills of those who are self-employed or are working with contractors.

 

(SOURCE: HINDUSTAN TIMES)

 

INDIA-NEPAL JOINT MILITARY EXERCISE ‘SURYA KIRAN’


 

  • The 15th edition of India-Nepal Joint Military Training Exercise “Surya Kiran” will commence from September 20 at Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand, the Army informed on Saturday.

 

  • The exercise is aimed at sharing experiences gained during the conduct of various counter-insurgency operations by both countries.

 

  • As part of the exercise, both the Armies would familiarise themselves with each other’s weapons, equipment, tactics, techniques and procedures of operating in a counter-insurgency environment in mountainous terrain.

 

  • Also, there would be a series of Expert Academic Discussions on various subjects such as Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief, High Altitude Warfare, Jungle Warfare etc.

 

(SOURCE: ANI NEWS)

 

SHEFALI JUNEJA: 1ST WOMAN CHAIRPERSON OF ICAO


 

  • India’s Shefali Juneja has been elected as the first woman Chairperson of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Aviation Security Committee.

 

  • India has taken up the responsibility of the ICAO Aviation Security Committee after a gap of 12 years.

 

  • Shefali Juneja was previously serving as the Joint Secretary in the Civil Aviation Ministry and used to deal with International Agreements between 2012 and 2019.

 

  • She also served as the chief bilateral air services negotiator for India for six years. During her term, she helped transform bilateral air service negotiations by implementing Open Skies as per the National Civil Aviation Policy 2016.

 

  • The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is a specialized United Nations agency, which is funded by 193 countries to support their diplomacy and cooperation with regards to air transport. Its headquarters is located in Quebec, Canada.

 

(SOURCE: MONEY CONTROL)

 

KUSHINAGAR AIRPORT AS CUSTOM NOTIFIED AIRPORT


 

  • The organization of CBIC (Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs) has declared Kushinagar Airport as a Customs notified airport.

 

  • This would also facilitate global passenger actions which include that of Buddhist pilgrims.

 

  • The Kushinagar airport is a global airport unfolding throughout a location of 600 acres. It was granted the licence to operate global flights by using DGCA remaining February.

 

  • In the month of August, the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) prolonged the validity of the airport’s licence to function worldwide flights till February 21, 2023.

 

(SOURCE: PIB)

 

INTERNATIONAL RED PANDA DAY: SEPTEMBER 18TH


 

  • International Red Panda Day is observed on the third Saturday of September this year it falls on September 18 with the aim to raise public awareness and support for red panda conservation issues.

 

  • International Red Panda Day is dedicated to the red pandas—a mammal species native to the eastern Himalayas and southwestern China.

 

  • Red pandas are facing the threat of extinction due to poaching, habitat destruction, and fragmentation, and inbreeding depression.

 

  • History: International Red Panda Day was launched by the Red Panda Network in 2010. The first International Red Panda day was celebrated on 18th September 2010.

 

  • Discovered about 50 years before giant pandas, red pandas are the only species left in the Ailuridae family.

 

  • Red pandas are not pandas: Despite having similar names, red pandas and giant pandas are not closely related. Genetically, they are actually closely related to bears, raccoons, and skunks. They are also called the lesser panda, red cat-bear, and red bear-cat.

 

(SOURCE: INDIA TODAY)

 

WORLD BAMBOO DAY OBSERVED ON 18TH SEPTEMBER


 

  • Every year on 18 September the World Bamboo Day is observed across the globe. The day is marked to raise awareness around the world for the conservation and promotion of the bamboo industry as well as of bamboo plantation.

 

  • This special day is marked by the World Bamboo Organisation (WBO), which aims to protect natural resources and the environment at large.

 

  • The organisation also intends to ensure sustainable utilisation of bamboo, as well as promote traditional uses for economic development of local communities.

 

  • The theme for the 12th edition of WBD 2021 is ‘#PlantBamboo: It Is Time To Plant Bamboo’

 

  • History of the day: WBD was officially declared by the World Bamboo Organization on September 18 at the 8th World Bamboo Congress held in Bangkok in 2009.

 

  • The aim of the WBO is to bring the potential of bamboo to more elevated exposure, to promote new cultivation of bamboo for new industries in regions across the world, and also to promote traditional uses locally for community economic development, etc.

 

(SOURCE: FIRSTPOST)

 

CLAT 2022 CURRENT AFFAIRS (17TH SEPTEMBER)

17TH SEPTEMBER


Contents


AUSTRALIA, UK & US TO FORM NEW PARTNERSHIP

UNION MINISTER NITIN GADKARI LAUNCHED ‘IRASTE’

NITI AAYOG LAUNCHED SHOONYA CAMPAIGN

PART OF BANGLADESH COULD BE SUBMERGED BY 2050

NMDC AWARDED WITH ‘RAJBHASHA KEERTHI PURASKAR’

UNSC HOLDS EMERGENCY MEETING ON N. KOREA

WORLD PATIENT SAFETY DAY: 17TH SEPTEMBER

 

AUSTRALIA, UK & US TO FORM NEW PARTNERSHIP


 

  • A week before a meeting of Quad leaders in Washington DC, the Biden administration, on September 15, announced a new trilateral security partnership for the Indo-Pacific, between Australia, the U.K. and the U.S. (AUKUS).

 

  • As part of this, Australia will acquire nuclear-powered submarines with help from the U.K. and the U.S.

 

  • The trilateral grouping was formally announced by Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison who joined U.S. President Joe Biden at the White House via video-link.

 

  • About the AUKUS: The first project of AUKUS will be to help Australia acquire a nuclear-powered conventionally-armed submarine fleet.

 

  • The three heads of state reaffirmed their intention to continue to work with their allies and groupings in tandem with AUKUS, with the Quad being mentioned by Morrison and Biden.

 

  • AUKUS will also involve a new architecture of meetings and engagements between the three countries, as well as cooperation across emerging technologies (applied AI, quantum technologies and undersea capabilities).

 

(SOURCE: THE HINDU)

 

UNION MINISTER NITIN GADKARI LAUNCHED ‘IRASTE’


 

  • The government will make airbags compulsory for all cars, Union Minister for Road Transport Nitin Gadkari said on Saturday as he launched iRASTE — a two-year pilot project aimed to enhance road safety in Nagpur and reduce fatality.

 

  • A collaborative initiative developed by Intel India, IIIT Hyderabad, Central Road Research Institute (CRRI), Mahindra & Mahindra and Nagpur Municipal Corporation (NMC), iRASTE — an acronym for Intelligent Solutions for Road Safety through Technology and Engineering –leverages the power of artificial intelligence (AI) to achieve the desired goal.

 

  • The project has been launched on a pilot basis in Nagpur, Maharashtra with the aim of reducing accidents by 50 per cent in the city.

 

  • The main focus of the project will focus on vehicle safety, mobility analysis and road infrastructure safety to move towards a ‘Vision Zero’ accident scenario.

 

(SOURCE: INDIAN EXPRESS)

 

NITI AAYOG LAUNCHED SHOONYA CAMPAIGN


 

  • NITI Aayog, RMI, and RMI India Launch ‘Shoonya’ Campaign. It is an initiative to promote zero-pollution shipping vehicles by working with customers and industry.

 

  • The marketing campaign aims to speed up the adoption of electric powered automobiles (EVs) in the urban deliveries segment and create customer attention about the advantages of zero-pollution delivery.

 

  • Industry stakeholders such as e-commerce companies, fleet aggregators, unique gear manufacturers (OEMs) and logistics corporations have been scaling up their efforts towards final-mile shipping electrification.

 

  • As part of the campaign, a corporate branding and certification programme is being launched to realise and promote industry’s efforts toward transitioning to EVs for final-mile deliveries.

 

  • An online tracking platform will share the campaign’s impact through facts such as car kilometres electrified, carbon savings, criteria pollutant savings and other advantages from easy delivery vehicles.

 

(SOURCE: HINDUSTAN TIMES)

 

PART OF BANGLADESH COULD BE SUBMERGED BY 2050


 

  • 17 percent of Bangladesh could be submerged by the rising sea level by 2050, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet quoted a report of the World Economic Forum (WEF).

 

  • Quoting the WEF report, 20 million people in Bangladesh will be deprived of their homes by 2050 due to the rising sea levels. At least 1.2 billion people could be displaced due to rising sea levels by 2050.

 

  • Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam, and Myanmar are other countries that could face damaging disaster displacements due to high tides that could affect more than 48 million people by 2050.

 

  • As per the WEF report, Bangladesh has the 3rd largest number of more than 4 million people who got displaced from their homes during disasters in 2019.

 

  • Other countries that witnessed disaster displacement in 2019 include India, China, and Philippines.

 

(SOURCE: JAGRAN JOSH)

 

NMDC AWARDED WITH ‘RAJBHASHA KEERTHI PURASKAR’


 

  • The highest and the most prestigious ‘Rajbhasha Keerthi Puraskar’ award was given to National Mineral Development Ltd. (NMDC) under the Ministry of Steel during the Rajbhasha Diwas Samaroh in New Delhi.

 

  • NMDC got the 3rd prize in the category of Undertakings situated in the ‘C’ region during 2019-20.

 

  • NMDC has been winning the Rajbhasha Keerthi Puraskar award for the past three years in a row. The award is presented to recognize the efforts towards the implementation of Hindi as the official language.

 

  • Vishakhapatnam Steel Plant was also presented with the Rajbhasha Keerthi Puraskar (first prize) for the effective implementation of Hindi as the official language during 2020-21.

 

  • Home Minister Amit Shah presided over the Hindi Diwas Samaroh. Minister of State for Home Affairs Nityanand Rai presented the awards during the National Hindi Day celebrations in New Delhi on September 14, 2021.

 

(SOURCE: THE HINDU)

 

UNSC HOLDS EMERGENCY MEETING ON N. KOREA


 

  • The UN Security Council (UNSC) will hold an emergency meeting regarding the recent ballistic missile launches.

 

  • North and South Korea launched ballistic missiles within hours of each other. The UN resolutions ban North Korea from conducting any tests of ballistic missiles.

 

  • North Korea launched a successful test-fire of a new type of long-range cruise missile in the East Sea on September 12.

 

  • South Korea tested its first submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) hours later after North Korea fired ballistic missiles.

 

(SOURCE: THE WEEK)

 

WORLD PATIENT SAFETY DAY: 17TH SEPTEMBER


 

  • World Patient Safety Day is observed on September 17 to create a global awareness for patient safety and urge people to show their commitment to making healthcare safer.

 

  • The Day brings together patients, families, caregivers, communities, health workers, health care leaders and policy-makers to show their commitment to patient safety.

 

  • The theme for 2021 WPSD is ‘Safe maternal and newborn care’.

 

  • History of the day: World Patient Safety Day – established by the World Health Assembly in 2019 through resolution WHA72.6 on “Global action on patient safety” is observed annually on 17 September. It was adopted at the 72nd World Health Assembly on 25 May 2019.

 

(SOURCE: FIRSTPOST)

 

CLAT 2022 CURRENT AFFAIRS (16TH SEPTEMBER)

16TH SEPTEMBER


Contents


‘MEDICINE FROM THE SKY’ INITIATIVE LAUNCHED

PM MODI INAUGURATED SARDARDHAM BHAVAN

‘ICRISAT’ AWARDED WITH AFRICA FOOD PRIZE 2021

IOC SUSPENDS NORTH KOREA FROM 2022 BEIJING OLYMPICS

SWAMY’S BOOK ‘HUMAN RIGHTS & TERRORISM IN INDIA

MALINGA RETIRES FROM ALL FORMS OF CRICKET

WORLD LYMPHOMA AWARENESS DAY (WLAD)

 

‘MEDICINE FROM THE SKY’ INITIATIVE LAUNCHED


 

  • Civil aviation minister Jyotiradtiya Scindia has launched a first of its kind “Medicine from the Sky” project in Telangana.

 

  • The project has aimed at transporting vaccines and other essential products to remote areas using drones.

 

  • The Medicine from the Sky project will be taken up on a pilot basis in 16 green zones in Telangana and later scaled up on the national level based on data.

 

  • About the schemes: “This ‘Medicines from the Sky’ project will be taken up in 16 green zones. The data will be analysed for three months.

 

  • Along with the health ministry, IT ministry, state government and the Centre will together analyse the data and make a model for the whole country.

 

  • Telangana Capital: Hyderabad.
  • Telangana Governor: Tamilisai Soundararajan.
  • Telangana Chief minister: Chandrashekar Rao.

 

(SOURCE: HINDUSTAN TIMES)

 

PM MODI INAUGURATED SARDARDHAM BHAVAN


 

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated the Sardardham Bhavan in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, via video conferencing.

 

  • He also performed the “Bhoomi Pujan” of the Sardardham Phase-II Kanya Chhatralaya (girls’ hostel) project.

 

  • Both these establishments are dedicated to the “Iron Man of India,” Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. The project is developed by the Vishwa Patidar Samaj.

 

  • About the project: The state-of-the-art Sardardham Bhavan provides separate hostel facilities to girls and boys from rural areas who aspire for better career prospects.

 

  • Phase I of the Sardardham Bhavan project is built over an area of 11,672 square feet at an estimated cost of Rs 200 crore, near the Vaishnodevi circle in the Ahmedabad-Gandhinagar border area. It will house 1,600 students, including 800 boys and 800 girls.

 

  • The Phase II of the Sardardham project is expected to house around 2,000 girl students. The project will be built at the cost of another Rs 200 crore.

 

(SOURCE: INDIAN EXPRESS)

 

‘ICRISAT’ AWARDED WITH AFRICA FOOD PRIZE 2021


 

  • Hyderabad-based International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) has been awarded the Africa Food Prize for 2021 for improving food security in sub-Saharan Africa.

 

  • The Tropical Legumes Project developed 266 varieties of improved legumes and half a million tons of seeds for a range of legume crops, including cowpeas, pigeon peas, chickpea, common bean, groundnut, and soybean.

 

  • The improved seeds benefitted over 25 million farmers in climate-resilient approaches and to control pest outbreaks across the region.

 

  • About ICRISAT: ICRISAT is a non-profit, non-political public international research organisation that conducts agricultural research for development in Asia and sub-Saharan Africa with a wide array of partners throughout the world.

 

(SOURCE: TIMES OF INDIA)

 

IOC SUSPENDS NORTH KOREA FROM 2022 BEIJING OLYMPICS


 

  • North Korea was formally suspended from the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympics by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) on 10th Sept as punishment for refusing to send a team to the Tokyo Games citing the COVID-19 pandemic.

 

  • IOC president Thomas Bach said the North Korean national Olympic body will also now forfeit money it was due from the previous Olympics.

 

  • The unspecified amount — potentially millions of dollars — had been withheld because of international sanctions.

 

  • International Olympic Committee Headquarters: Lausanne, Switzerland.
  • International Olympic Committee President: Thomas Bach.
  • International Olympic Committee Founded: 23 June 1894 (Paris, France).

 

(SOURCE: JAGRAN JOSH)

 

SWAMY’S BOOK ‘HUMAN RIGHTS & TERRORISM IN INDIA


 

  • A book has titled ‘Human Rights and Terrorism in India’ authored by BJP MP Subramanian Swamy.

 

  • He has come out with a book “Human Rights and Terrorism in India” which traces how the combating of terrorism can be harmonised with human and fundamental rights within reasonable restrictions that are permitted by the Constitution and upheld by the Supreme Court.

 

  • It is the thesis of this study that to deter terror, India as a nation must foster a concept of identity.

 

  • The release of three dreaded terrorists in exchange for hijacked Indian Airlines passengers in Afghanistan’s Kandahar in 1999 is the “worst capitulation” to terrorists in India”s modern history.

 

(SOURCE: HINDUSTAN TIMES)

 

MALINGA RETIRES FROM ALL FORMS OF CRICKET


 

  • Lasith Malinga has announced his retirement from T20 cricket after 295 matches where he picked 390 wickets.

 

  • He had already retired from Tests in 2011 and from ODIs in 2019. The Sri Lanka pacer had also announced his retirement from franchise cricket in January this year after being released by Mumbai Indians.

 

  • Malinga was the first bowler to bag 100 T20I wickets before ending with 107 scalps. He finishes fourth in the highest wicket-taker category in the list behind Dwayne Bravo, Imran Tahir and Sunil Narine.

 

  • Malinga, one of the best T20 bowlers of all time, was a crucial figure in the teams he represented in the Indian Premier League, Big Bash League, Caribbean Premier League, and other franchise tournaments.

 

  • He was part of four of the five IPL championship wins with Mumbai Indians but had opted out of the 2020 tournament.

 

(SOURCE: LIVE MINT)

 

WORLD LYMPHOMA AWARENESS DAY (WLAD)


 

  • The World Lymphoma Awareness Day (WLAD) is observed globally on September 15 every year.

 

  • The day is dedicated to raising awareness about lymphoma and the particular emotional and psychosocial challenges facing patients and caregivers suffering from different forms of lymphoma.

 

  • History of the day: World Lymphoma Day was initiated in 2002 by the Lymphoma Coalition(link is external), a worldwide network of 83 lymphoma patient groups based in Ontario, Canada, whose mission is enabling global impact by fostering a lymphoma ecosystem that ensures local change and evidence-based action.

 

  • One of their key activities is to provide a centralised hub of reliable current information and a platform for member organisations to share resources, best practices, policies and procedures.

 

(SOURCE: FIRSTPOST)

 

CLAT 2022 CURRENT AFFAIRS (15TH SEPTEMBER)

15TH SEPTEMBER


Contents


PM MODI TO ATTEND 1ST IN-PERSON QUAD SUMMIT

INDIA-AFRICA DEFENCE DIALOGUE TO HELD BIENNIALLY

SUPER-30 FOUNDER AWARDED WITH SWAMI BRAHMANAND AWARD

NIOS HONOURED WITH UNESCO’S LITERARY PRIZE

NATIONAL FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE AWARD 2021

INT. DAY OF DEMOCRACY OBSERVED ON 15TH SEPT

NATIONAL ENGINEER’S DAY: 15TH SEPTEMBER

 

PM MODI TO ATTEND 1ST IN-PERSON QUAD SUMMIT


 

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi is set to attend the first-ever in-person QUAD ( Quadrilateral Security Dialogue) Leaders’ Summit at the White House, in Washington D.C. on September 24, 2021.

 

  • Quad nation comprises of India, Japan, the US and Australia. PM Modi will also address the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in New York on September 25, 2021.
  • other exams

 

  • About the summit: This will be the first visit of PM Modi to the United States since President Joe Biden assumed office and also the first in-person meeting between the two leaders since Biden assumed office.

 

  • The other two leaders, Prime Minister Scott Morrison of Australia and Japanese premier Yoshihide Suga will also be attending the Summit. Earlier, the first-ever summit of the Quad leaders was held in the virtual format in March 2021.

 

  • The Quad Summit aims to deepen ties and increase cooperation in areas such as combatting COVID-19, addressing the climate crisis, partnering on emerging technologies and cyberspace, and promoting a free and open Indo-Pacific.

 

(SOURCE: THE PRINT, THE HINDU)

 

INDIA-AFRICA DEFENCE DIALOGUE TO HELD BIENNIALLY


 

  • The Government of India has proposed to institutionalise the India-Africa Defence Dialogue, as a regular event, to be held on the sidelines of the biennial DefExpo military exhibition.

 

  • The first India-Africa Defence Ministers Conclave (IADMC) was held at DefExpo in February 2020 in Lucknow.

 

  • Following this, second India – Africa Defence Dialogue will be held on the sidelines of the DefExpo, scheduled to be held at Gandhinagar, Gujarat in March 2022.

 

  • The theme of the 2nd India Africa Defence Dialogue will be ‘India – Africa: Adopting Strategy for Synergizing and Strengthening Defence and Security Cooperation.

 

  • About the DefExpo military exhibition: The Manohar Parrikar Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses in New Delhi shall be the knowledge partner of the India Africa Defence Dialogue to assist in providing necessary support for enhanced defence cooperation between the two countries.

 

  • Raksha Mantri Rajnath Singh will host the Defence Ministers of African Nations at the upcoming India – Africa Defence Dialogue.

 

  • The regularization of India Africa Defence Dialogue will help to further strengthen the existing partnerships between African countries & India and explore new areas of convergence for mutual engagements including areas like capacity building, training, cyber security, maritime security and counter-terrorism.

 

(SOURCE: INDIAN EXPRESS)

 

SUPER-30 FOUNDER AWARDED WITH SWAMI BRAHMANAND AWARD


 

  • Mathematician Anand Kumar was conferred with the Swami Brahmanand Award 2021 for his contribution in the field of education through his ‘Super 30’ initiative, which prepares underprivileged students for the IIT entrance exam.

 

  • He received the award from professor Roop Kishore Shastri, the vice-chancellor of Haridwar’s Gurukula Kangri deemed university, at a function in the Rath area of Hamirpur district of Uttar Pradesh.

 

  • The award carrying Rs 10,000 in cash, a bronze medal, a bronze statue of Swami Brahmanand and a certificate is given every year to people who have done special work in the education sector or for the welfare of the cow.

 

  • What is ‘Super 30’?

 

  • ‘Super 30’ is a coaching programme of Kumar’s Patna-based Ramanujan School of Mathematics. It hunts for 30 meritorious students from among economically backward sections of the society and shapes them to clear the test to get into the prestigious Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT).

 

  • About the award: It has been instituted in the name of Swami Brahmananda, a freedom fighter, former MP and a saint known for his sacrifices and his contribution in the field of education.

 

  • Friederike Irina Bruening, a German national, who has devoted her life to sick and abandoned cows in Mathura, received the first Swami Brahmanand Award for cow protection in 2019.

 

  • Bruening, who is also known as Sudevi Dasi, is also a recipient of Padma Shri. In 2020, the award went to academician Dr Arun Kumar Pandey, who worked to strengthen India’s cultural and educational bonding in South Korea.

 

(SOURCE: HINDUSTAN TIMES)

 

NIOS HONOURED WITH UNESCO’S LITERARY PRIZE


 

  • National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS), run by the education ministry, has bagged global recognition from UNESCO for its innovative approach towards education.

 

  • The recognition is for educating differently-abled people through technology-enabled inclusive learning material. The NIOS move has a specific focus on Indian sign language-based content.

 

  • By awarding NIOS the King Sejong Literacy Prize, the jury has recognized the value of providing for the unique educational and language needs of PwD learners by developing teaching content in sign language through digital mode.

 

  • The award-winning programme focuses on the use of digital tools and local language to help persons with disabilities the option to access Indian Sign Language (ISL)-based content.

 

  • UNESCO headquarters: Paris, France.
  • UNESCO Head: Audrey Azoulay.
  • UNESCO Founded: 16 November 1945.

 

(SOURCE: LIVE MINT)

 

NATIONAL FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE AWARD 2021


 

  • The Florence Nightingale Award will be given to a nurse, Bhanumati Gheewala, from Sir Sayajirao General Hospital, Gujarat.

 

  • She has been in charge of COVID-19 positive pregnant women’s deliveries as well as infant care. She worked in the gynaecology department as well in the paediatric ward.

 

  • In 2019, when the wards of the hospital were waterlogged due to flood. She carried her duty in the gynaecology department and the pediatric ward.

 

  • The Florence Nightingale Award is given by the Indian Nursing Council. This is a statutory agency under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, to recognise the contributions of healthcare workers.

 

  • The delegates at the Eighth International Conference of Red Cross Societies created this commemorative International Nightingale Medal.

 

  • It was established in London in 1907. This medal was meant to be awarded to those who have excelled in the profession of nursing.

 

  • The International Committee of the Red Cross in 1912 created the award. It is presented to nurses or nursing workers.

 

  • It is given for “exceptional courage and devotion to the wounded, sick, or disabled, or to civilian victims of a conflict or disaster” or “exemplary services or a creative and pioneering spirit in the areas of public health or nursing education”.

 

(SOURCE: THE HINDU)

 

INT. DAY OF DEMOCRACY OBSERVED ON 15TH SEPT.


 

  • International Day of Democracy is observed globally on 15th September every year.

 

  • It was established through a resolution passed by the UN General Assembly in 2007, for promoting and upholding the principles of democracy and provide an opportunity to review the state of democracy in the world.

 

  • The theme for 2021 International Day of Democracy is “Strengthening democratic resilience in the face of future crises”.

 

  • History of the day: The Day was proclaimed by the UN General Assembly through a resolution in 2007 to strengthen national programmes devoted to the promotion and consolidation of democracy.

 

  • The day was observed for the first time in 2008. Democracy is as much a process as a goal, and only with the full participation of and support by the international community, national governing bodies, civil society and individuals, can the ideal of democracy be made into a reality to be enjoyed by everyone, everywhere.

 

(SOURCE: JAGRAN JOSH)

 

NATIONAL ENGINEER’S DAY: 15TH SEPTEMBER


 

  • In India, Engineer’s Day is celebrated on September 15 every year. The day is celebrated to recognise the contribution of engineers in the development of the nation.

 

  • The day marks the birth anniversary of the engineering pioneer of India, Sir Mokshagundam Vishweshvaraya, (popularly known as Sir MV).

 

  • He was awarded ‘Bharat Ratna’ for his exceptional contribution to the building of India in 1955. He has also conferred the British knighthood and served as Diwan of Mysore from 1912 to 1918.

 

  • Engineers’ Day: History

 

  • In 1968, the Indian government declared Sir M Visvesvaraya’s birth anniversary as Engineers’ Day. Sir MV was regarded as the “Father of Modern Mysore”.

 

  • Since then, this day is celebrated to honour and acknowledge all engineers who have contributed and still do so to build a modern and developed India.

 

(SOURCE: JAGRAN JOSH)