CLAT 2021 Exam Pattern

CLAT 2021 exam pattern has been released by the Consortium of National Law Universities (NLUs) on the official website of the exam. It will help you guys to understand the current exam pattern and how they will ask questions in different sections in the CLAT examination.

However, last year the CLAT Consortium announced the changes in the exam pattern. The question will be comprehension-based. The exam will be held in offline mode as a pen-and-paper based test (PBT).

  • Also, the number of questions in the CLAT UG paper will be 200 to 150.
  • As you all know, CLAT is conducted for law admissions to 23 NLUs and other colleges in which they accept CLAT scores in India.
  • Candidates who are going to fill the application form can also ask for previous year CLAT question papers.




Subject/Section Expected Number of questions (CLAT 2020)
English 30
Legal Reasoning 40
GK & Current Affairs 35
Logical Reasoning 30 (80% Verbal / 20% Non-Verbal Reasoning)
Quantitative Techniques 15 (DI based Questions)
Total Marks 150
Negative Marks


0.25 marks for each wrong answer.
Total Time 120 minutes


Hence, the official syllabus of CLAT issued by the CLAT Consortium states that the CLAT-UG 2021 is going to focus mainly on the comprehension and reasoning skills and abilities of candidates.

It also says that, it is designed to be a test of skill and aptitude that are necessary for a legal education. well, prior knowledge will be very useful to solve the Current Affairs section.

Therefore, we are providing you full details of the exam pattern.

Let’s dive into a detail assessment of each sections in CLAT UG Entrance Exam:


English Language


Starting with English section of the UG-CLAT 2021, you will be provided passages of about 450 words each.

These passages will be derived from contemporary or historically significant fiction and non-fiction writing, and would be of a standard that a 12th standard student may be able to read in about 5-7 minutes.

Basing on the last year paper, each passage will be followed by a series of questions that will require you to demonstrate your comprehension and language skills, including your abilities to:

  • Read and comprehend the main point discussed in the passage, as well as any arguments and viewpoints discussed or set out in the passage;
  • Draw inferences and conclusions based on the passage;
  • Summarise the passage;
  • Compare and contrast the different arguments or viewpoints set out in the passage; and
  • Understand the meaning of various words and phrases used in the passage.
  • There were some question related to the correct use of preposition.
  • The topics are not limited on only legal issues, so reading a variety of things is imperative.
  • Novels, Fictional Stories, Non-Fiction, Movies, etc. can also help, as the student having prior knowledge of such issues will find no difficulties in understanding of the passage and answering the questions therein.
  • Our Classes are primarily designed to take these things into account, and they are based in practicing questions of the same pattern in the class, and working on each student’s speed and accuracy, in order to improve their performance with time.



Current Affairs Including General Knowledge


If we talk about General Knowledge and Current Affairs you will be provided passages of up to 450 words each.

The passages will be derived from news, journalistic sources and other non-fiction writing.

A point to note here is that the questions may include an examination of legal information or knowledge discussed in or related to the passage, but would not require any additional knowledge of the law beyond the passage.

Further, each passage will be followed by a series of questions that will require you to demonstrate your awareness of various aspects of current affairs and general knowledge, including:

  • Contemporary events of significance from India and the world;
  • Arts and culture;
  • International affairs; and
  • Historical events of continuing significance.
  • But to add to this list there are more sectors that one should be informed about, e.g. International Legal Affairs, Domestic and International Polity
  • Also it is imperative to read about the history of any important contemporary issues.
  • It is required to go through any issue in a much detailed manner. Our Daily Assignments, and Weekly, and Monthly Compendium will become your most favorite companion.
  • Our News Pointers Daily are absolute best in this game.



Legal Reasoning


In this section, you will be expected to read passages of around 450 words each. The passages may relate to fact situations or scenarios involving legal matters, public policy questions or moral philosophical enquiries.

You will not require any prior knowledge of law. You will benefit from a general awareness of contemporary legal and moral issues to better apply general principles or propositions to the given fact scenarios.

Each passage would be followed by a series of questions that will require you to:

  • Identify and infer the rules and principles set out in the passage;
  • Apply such rules and principles to various fact situations; and
  • Understand how changes to the rules or principles may alter their application to various fact situations.
  • We design our classes in such a manner that student finds legal reasoning a piece of cake in the larger scheme of things.
  • Main Legal topics like The Constitution Of India, Law of Contracts, Law of Torts, Criminal Law, and Other Legal Developments like CAA, 2019, Sabrimala Issue, State Emergency, are discussed in full, with regular Practice Questions based on latest CLAGT Pattern, that is passage based.



Logical Reasoning


The Logical Reasoning section of the UG-CLAT 2021 will include a series of short passages of about 300 words each.

Each passage will be followed by one or more questions that will require you to:

  • Recognize an argument, it’s premises and conclusions;
  • Read and identify the arguments set out in the passage;
  • Critically analyze patterns of reasoning, and assess how conclusions may depend on particular premises or evidence;
  • Infer what follows from the passage and apply these inferences to new situations;
  • Draw relationships and analogies, identify contradictions and equivalence, and assess the effectiveness of arguments.
  • Just to keep it brief, you need a copious amount of practice to get through this section. We have a record of practicing about 50 to 60 questions daily in our Reasoning Classes.
  • This is presumably the toughest section in CLAT, and we promise to make it easiest by providing students with most relevant and quality questions.



Quantitative Techniques


The Quantitative Techniques section of the UG-CLAT 2021 will include short sets of facts or propositions, graphs, or other textual, pictorial or diagrammatic representations of numerical information, followed by a series of questions.

Here in this section you will be required to derive information from such passages, graphs, or other representations, and apply mathematical operations on such information.

The questions will require you to:

  • Derive, infer, and manipulate numerical information set out in such passages, graphs, or other representations; and
  • Apply various 10th standard mathematical operations on such information, including from areas such as ratios and proportions, basic algebra, mensuration and statistical estimation.
  • Most Data Interpretation will be there, and hence it is imperative to practice for this section in the same format as well.
  • This is a guarantee with our Practice Materials, and the best approach to deal with such questions will be a regular feature in our regular classes.



How to Prepare for the UG-CLAT 2021


Also, the Consortium plans to publish various preparatory materials for the UG-CLAT 2021, including:

  • Guides to the question paper and sample questions;
  • Model question papers; and
  • Instructional materials and exercises for each of the subjects that the UG-CLAT 2021 comprises.
  • Understand the CLAT Exam Pattern and CLAT Syllabus fully
  • Practice CLAT Mock Tests and CLAT Sample Papers to get a good command over the CLAT Exam.
  • Break down each section into topics and further into your strengths and weaknesses
  • Do engage in regular revision, and practice
  • Work on your speed and vocabulary.
  • Be updated with all the contemporary affairs having any significance.


And, the Consortium will also provide candidates who have successfully completed their application to the UG-CLAT 2021 access to a learning platform

There you may access the preparatory materials described above, as well as your scores on various exercises and model question papers.

You may also find our LMS useful for this purpose as all the offline mocks, study materials, reading assignments, etc. can be accessed on our LMS at

In addition, you should develop your capacity to read and understand bodies of text, ensure you stay abreast of news and current affairs by regularly reading quality newspapers and periodicals.

In addition to that, you should also improve your speed of answering questions on quantitative techniques by practicing with materials provided by us or any other good source for Data Interpretation question.



CLAT 2020 Exam Analysis

To get some idea about the CLAT 2021 Exam Analysis, it is imperative to have a look at the CLAT 2020 Exam Analysis.

The difficulty level of CLAT 2020 exam was moderate to tough. The exam was as per the guidelines announced by CLAT Consortium. A majority of candidates have attended most of the questions.

The general knowledge section of the exam was a little in-depth but the English as legal reasoning section were fairly moderate, and a students with some prior knowledge could easy score well.

The cutoff was around 75. And the top colleges closed on 105.



Past Year Papers: CLAT 2020 Under Graduate 

The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) 2020 was successfully conducted on September 28, 2020. The answer key and question paper of CLAT 2020 have also been released. The popular law entrance exam is accepted by all the National Law Universities (NLUs) except NLU Delhi to conduct their admission process. Candidates are selected for the law programmes at both undergraduate and postgraduate level through CLAT. The admit card of CLAT 2020 had been released on September 15, 2020.

The CLAT 2020 question paper has been provided here along with the answers. All those who have appeared for the entrance examination will also find the CLAT 2020 answer key in the same document at the end. Students can download the question papers and their answer keys from here and match their answers.

Download the past year paper of CLAT UG 2020.

Download Here: Past Year Paper of CLAT 2020 Under Graduate 



Get more materials for CLAT on Best Online Classes for CLAT



CLAT Gurukul

Preparation Strategy for CLAT 2021, 2022, and 2023 Based on CLAT 2020, Exam Pattern

CLAT 2021 exam pattern has been released by the Consortium of National Law Universities (NLUs) on the official website of the exam. The CLAT exam pattern is an important guide for candidates preparing for the law entrance exam. Through CLAT exam pattern 2021, candidates can exactly know
the type and number of questions of questions asked in the exam.

Last year, the CLAT Consortium had announced major changes in the pattern of the exam. The Consortium had introduced comprehension-based questions in the paper. Also, the number of questions in the CLAT UG paper was reduced from 200 to 150. Apart from this, the exam was held in online
mode as a computer-based test (CBT). This year, the Consortium will follow the same CLAT test pattern as last year except that the paper will be held in offline mode as a pen-and-paper based test (PBT).
CLAT is conducted for law admissions to 22 NLUs as well as other colleges accepting CLAT scores in India. Candidates can also request to get previous year CLAT question papers while filling up the application form. Here we are providing a detail analysis of previous year CLAT paper.

You will find a detail analysis of each section of CLAT by our experts at CLAT Gurukul.  Just click on the following link to download the PDF.


CLAT Gurukul

CLAT Exam Pattern 2021, 2022, and 2023, based on the CLAT 2020 paper.

Critical Reasoning for CLAT, Passage- Himalayan

In 1968, when the book, The Population Bomb, was published, there were a little over 350 crore people on Earth. Today, the whopping 750 crore human population has made an impact on most flora and fauna. Taking into consideration this lack of abatement in human population growth, an international team of researchers observes how these ecological disruptions affect the life of ungulates (hoofed large mammals). The team notes that humans have brought about changes in the Himalayan realm – there is an increase in cashmere goats, and also, stray dogs have started hunting ungulates including threatened, endangered, and rare ones such as kiang, chiru, saiga and takin.

The team also draws similarities between the two giant mountain ranges – the Himalaya and the Andes, both homes to unique ungulate fauna. Both are currently experiencing increased deglaciation, human colonisation, climate alteration, livestock and tourism-induced changes.

A paper published in Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution stresses that the “world’s 400 million free-ranging dogs – through disease, predation, and displacement – have changed the face of ungulate communities on every continent.” Dogs prey on saiga, blue sheep, argali, chiru, kiang, goral, ibex, sambar, chital and blackbuck.

Joel Berger from Wildlife Conservation Society, the first author, witnessed multiple predation attempts on takin and blue sheep in Bhutan. He writes about seeing up to four dogs in 11 attacks of takin; three of nine calves were individually separated from the groups and disappeared. “Their fates remained unknown… death appeared likely.”

The high elevation dogs of Bhutan also harbour tapeworms which when consumed via grasses by yaks can cause coenurosis, a neurological disease that may result in about 10% mortality of young yaks.

Human activities such as the seasonal relocation of agro-pastoralists to collect the worm fungus Cordyceps can also have an impact on the ungulates. These high-elevation environments have experienced minimal direct human disturbance, and this movement can lead to the displacement of native species. Previous studies have shown that many apex predators have been lost due to fear, habitat conversion and loss of prey.


Source with edits and revisions: Editorials, The Hindu


1. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
a. The prediction done in the book The Population Bomb was highly stretched.
b. Dogs are bigger threat to environment that humans.
c. Stray dogs carries tapeworm.
d. Humans have changed the ecology in Himalayan ranges.


2. What is the role played by the claim that dogs prey on saiga, blue sheep, argali, chiru, kiang, goral, ibex, sambar, chital and blackbuck in the argument?

a. It acts as a premise of the argument.
b. It acts as the conclusion of the argument.
c. Both A and B
d. Neither A nor B

3. Which of the following strengthens the inference drawn by the author?

a. Humans amicable coexist with the flora and fauna in and around their residence
b. The free ranging dogs are only found in Himalayan region.
c. Increase in human population means increase in number of stray dogs.
d. The ecological balance gets disturbed every time the number of stray dogs increases.


4. Which of the following represent the main point made by the author?

a. The book The Population Bomb predicted the population explosion correctly.
b. Stray dogs causes to 10% fatalities amongst yaks.
c. Exploding human population led to ecological disruption in various regions.
d. The high-elevation environments are most vulnerable to disturbance due o human contact.


5. What is the role played by the author’s description of the similarity discovered between Himalayan and Andes by the team, in relation to the conclusion?

a. It supports the conclusion by providing an example.
b. It supports the conclusion by providing a contrary example.’
c. It weakens the conclusion by providing an example.
d. It is unrelated to the conclusion.









1. D
2. A
3. C
4. D
5. A